How To Create A BitTorrent File In Azureus
Note: this article is old and may not still be relevant.
This is a quick tutorial to explain the process of creating a BitTorrent file, and uploading it to a tracker. For terminology, and workings of BitTorrent, please see my other tutorials – A Beginners Guide To BitTorrent and The BitTorrent Protocol.
I will be using Azureus to create the BitTorrent file. Azureus is a very nice open source, cross platform bittorrent client. It has tonnes of features. We will be using the ‘Make Torrent’ feature in this tutorial.
If you have not yet got Azureus, it can be downloaded from http://azureus.sourceforge.net
For demonstration purposes, I will be making a torrent to share the following image, which is one I have made.
Images in the tutorial with a blue border can be clicked to enlarge.
1 – Open Azureus
Open Azureus. You will need to change one option before you start making your torrent:
Azureus > Preferences > Queue > Seeding (mac)
Tools > options > Queue > Seeding (win)
Select ‘Use Super Seeding’ Click save before you exit preferences. Super seeding is best for uploading a torrent when you are the only seed (i.e. a new torrent).
2 – Locate The Files You Want To Share
You can select any type of file, or a directory to be shared in your torrent.
It is best that you place the file/directory you are sharing in the share directory for Azureus. You can see where this is, or change it by going to
Azureus > Preferences > Files > Default Directory (mac)
Tools > options > Default Directory (win)
Make sure these are structured logically (appropriate directory names etc), as it will be in this structure that they will be downloaded.
3 – Find a tracker
To enable other people to see your torrent, you must upload it to a tracker.
My favourite tracker is thepiratebay.org. It’s the biggest BitTorrent tracker on the internet, and a nice simple site to use. However there are loads of others. See here: http://thebeehive.info/p/tlist.htm (you may need to register with some trackers).
There will be a link on their site to ‘upload torrent’. Once you navigate to this page, they will specify an ‘Announce URL’. You will need this later.
4 – Create A New Torrent
Start making a new torrent by going to:
File > New Torrent
5 – Start Making Your Torrent
You now need to add in the URL from step 3 where it says ‘Announce URL’
You must select here whether or not you are adding a single file, or a directory.
You can also add a comment to the torrent file. This will be viewable by people downloading the torrent – but it is not required.
6 – Select Your File / Files
You now need to select your files/directory from your share directory.
7 – Save Your Torrent
You can now name, and save your torrent (save it to your share directory)
You can also select the piece size of the torrent. This depends on the size of the torrent. I recommend leaving this as default.
Select the option ‘Open the torrent for seeding when done’
Once you see this screen, your torrent file has been created.
8 – Upload Your Torrent
You can now return to your chosen tracker to upload your torrent file.
You will be able to specify a name for your torrent. Make sure you name your torrent accurately, because this is how people will be able to search for your upload.
You should also be able to add some comments to your torrent on the tracker.
9 – You’re Done
Once uploaded, your torrent is now out there in the wild. You can now search for it on the tracker, and view the details page.
Some other trackers also let you host this file, even though you have specified a different tracker in the torrent file. So spread it about in order to get the best coverage.
For general BitTorrent FAQ’s, please read here
I am seeding but nothing is happening
Remember that someone has to initiate a download in order for you to start uploading. This means that until someone has downloaded your torrent file from the tracker, nothing will happen.
Someone is trying to download but nothing is happening
Be patient. It can take a while for your torrent to register on the tracker. If still nothing happens after a few minutes, try restarting your client, or closing and re-opening the torrent.
When can I stop seeding?
If you stop seeding before at least one person has the complete file (i.e. is also seeding) then the torrent is effectively dead. If this has to happen, the you should remove the torrent from the tracker.